Yazd

Yazd is a Zoroastrian center in the driest major part of lovely Iran. The average annual rainfall of Yazd is only 60 millimeters. Issatis is famous for being the hottest north part of the Persian Gulf coast. Its summer temperatures are almost always above 40 °C with no humidity. Yazd is famous for its Sun because of its blazing sunshine. It is called in Persian language “Aftab-e-Yazd” means Yazd`s sun. Yazd temperature is different in the winter. Winter days frequently remain mild and sunny, but thin air and low cloudiness cause very cold temperatures in the morning. Yazd winter mornings sometimes fall to below 0 °C. The history of Yazd backs to over 5,000 year ago means the time of the Median Empire. Yazd was called Ysatis or Issatis during that periods. It was changed then and the term “Yazd” was derived from the name of a Sassanid ruler of Persia. He was Yazdegerd I. It shows that Yazd used to be a Zoroastrian center during Sassanid times; and as you know Zoroastrian was the official religion of Persians during the time of Sassanid dynasty. When Arabs brought Islam to Iran and due to Magi`s oppression, many people opened their arms for it. Zoroastrians but migrated to Yazd because remote desert location of this city that made the access difficult helped Yazd remain immune to large battles. By such a rational decision that was using natural elements to stay safe, people`s life stayed away from the destruction and ravages of war. People of Yazd and other Zoroastrians paid a levy and it made Zoroastrianism stay alive. Although this ancient religion of Persia was practiced, Islam step by step became the dominant religion in the city. The historical district of Yazd that in 2016 were to be registered as a UNESCO site has been visited by Marco Polo In 1272. This very famous Italian world explorer has remarked on the city's fine silk-weaving industry. As it is known, he wrote a book called The Travels of Marco Polo; he described Yazd as following: “It is a good and noble city, and has a great amount of trade. They weave there quantities of a certain silk tissue known as Yasdi, which merchants carry into many quarters to dispose of.” Continued…

 

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