Isfahan

The capital of Isfahan province of Iran has the Paleolithic period as its history. It is due to found artifacts by archaeologists through excavations. These artifacts are dating back to the Paleolithic period. It would be mentioned that it has been the garrison or fort of Cyrus, the great`s army. Although Isfahan historically is rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, there are other names for this city like Jay and Gabi-an. The term of “Ispahan” was changed to “Isfahan” after Islam entrance to Iran; resulting of the letter “P” that does not exist in Arabic language. The capital of Safavid kings is located about 340 kilometers south of the capital of Qajarid kings, Tehran. Isfahan, after Tehran is the second most populous metropolitan area in Iran. This city, that used to be one of the most important and major ones in the world, is located on the main north–south and east–west routes crossing Iran. Today, Isfahan retains much of its past glory of 16 and 17th centuries. Its Persian–Islamic architecture, beautiful boulevards are called Chahar Bagh (four garden), and historical bridges, beside churches have given Isfahan a reputation that is known in the world. Isfahan has some UNESCO sites and a mosque that is called the encyclopedia of Islamic architecture. Isfahan is located in the lush plain of the Zayanderud River. The river that sources from Zard Kouh Bakhtiari (Bactria). The river, which means birth, is at the foothills of the Zagros mountain range. Isfahan, despite its altitude, remains hot during the summer and with low humidity and moderate temperatures at night. Its climate like its handicrafts, architecture, garden and atmosphere is very pleasant. During the winter, Isfahan days are mild while nights can be very cold. Isfahan is considered as one of the industrial cities of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Continued…
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In the first decades of 18th century, the king of Iran, Nader Shah, deployed to India. He defeated the Shahe Shahan and conquered India. Then one of the paintings of 40-pillar palace in Isfahan was allocated to that event and according to the style of Reza Abbasi was painted to that. And...
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