Hamedan

Haŋgmetana, Haŋgmetan, Ecbatan, Ecbatana, Amedaneh, Anandana are the names given to the capital of art and civilization of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The term “Amedaneh” is found in the Assyrian inscriptions during 1100 B.C. It is believed that the term derivate from the word “Medes” as Assyrians have called the Medians Amadai. Based on this, the term “Amadaneh” indicates on the place in where Medians used to live. It, after that, was called “Haŋgmetana” which means “the place of assembly” or “Assembly point”. The term “Ecbatana” is the Greek pronunciation for “Amedaneh”. During the time of Sassanian dynasty, the term “Haŋgmetana” was changed to “Amatan” and “Hamadan”, respectively. Herodotus says Hamedan has been Median capital in 700 B.C. Hamedan became the summer capital of the after Median dynasties. There is a found scroll that talks of King Darius who gave the permission to Jews to reconstruct the Jerusalem temple. Ezra or Esdras, who was a descendant of Seraiah, in his biblical book uses the name of Hamedan as the place in where the scroll was found. When the Sassanian inheritance attracted young Arabs and made them conquer Iran, Hamadan fell into the hands of this Muslim Arab government. It was in 11 century that Seljuk kings shifted the capital of this Islamic dynasty from Baghdad to Hamedan. Now, there are Jewish and Christians who live in harmony with Muslims. Hamedan is located in the foothills of the Alvand Mountains, east of Zagros Mountains, with the altitude of almost 1750 meters above sea level. The temperature of the sister of Kulyab in Tajikistan, Bukhara in Uzbekistan, Isparta in Turkey and Yekaterinburg in Russia in its semi-arid weather reaches to -30 centigrade degrees during snowy winter days. There are various air currents like humid spring-winter north-west and north ones that bring rainfall. Continued…

 

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