Article NO. 9
Social distance between residents and international tourists—Implications for international business
Rudolf R. Sinkovics, Elfriede Penz
International Business Review 18 (2009) 457–469
Free Download  iranheritagetours-Article.png

 

a b s t r a c:
This paper uses the social distance concept and employs a revised version of Bogardus’ [Bogardus, E. S. (1933b). Social problems and social processes: Selected papers from the proceedings of the American sociological society. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press] social-distance scale, to explore cognitive structures of Austrian residents towards Japanese and German tourists. The removal of conflicts between residents and international tourists is vital to improve the economic outcomes of the exchange of individuals from various cultural backgrounds. This can help the tourism sector, which is significant factor in the service industry. Data from a quota-sample of 449 respondents, commenting on everyday life interactions with German and Japanese tourists is used. Similarity analysis methodology is applied to ‘link’ statements and interpret differences in views towards tourist encounters. Austrian residents view tourist groups similar in terms of brief interactions (e.g. when visiting museums or walking in gardens). However, longterm relationships (e.g. kindergarten and schools vs. personal invitation to homes) manifest themselves differently. The cognitive structures of interaction we identify can be seen as conflict-coping strategies. For residents, social distance serves as a means to avoid malfunctioning relationships. In that respect, Austrians are more reluctant to engage in personal interactions with Japanese tourists than with German tourists. The paper concludes with managerial recommendations for international business and tourism managers that are designed to improve social and economic performance of interaction.
Keywords: Group conflict International tourism Similarity analysis

 

www.iranheritagetours.com


Packages
Iran 8-Day Tour
Iran 8-Day Tour
8/23/2018 5:52:54 PM
Iran 14-Day Tour
Iran 14-Day Tour
8/23/2018 5:16:09 PM
Iran 15-Day Tour
Iran 15-Day Tour
8/23/2018 4:31:26 PM
Iran 23-Day Tour
Iran 23-Day Tour
1/19/2018 2:39:07 AM
Hidden Persia (16-Day) Tour
Hidden Persia (16-Day) Tour
1/19/2018 2:36:36 AM